The peninsular region in India is abundantly rich in many natural resources. Having an extended coastline of about 6000 kilometers makes India a hub for many sea related natural resources. Heavy minerals are one such resource found on the surface of the sea, on the sea shores. The heavy mineral industry, although unexplored arena, is a very economically beneficial industry to our country.
The first person to recognize this abundance of heavy minerals in India was a German chemist Schomberg, who found heavy minerals in the state of Travancore which is now known as Tamil Nadu. Since he recognized these minerals to have higher economic benefit than other minerals, it attracted the British government’s attention towards this industry. In the beginning the mining was carried out just for the mineral, Monazite.
The British then realized that this industry generated good revenue from trade and hence seized operations of the German chemist and imprisoned him. By then they recognized other minerals in the sands which were of economic benefit. In the early 1920s minerals were transported across borders and by the 1940’s India began contributing to about 80% of world production of these minerals.
Hence, it can be state that India was leading the heavy mineral markets long before US, Canada, Australia and Africa. However, today India faces a lot of challenges in the heavy mineral market share.
One of the most renowned mining companies of India includes V.V. Mineral, which is based in Tamil Nadu established in 1989. V.V. Minerals engages in mining activity of minerals such as Zircon, Garnet, Ilmenite and Rutile. They are Indias largest mining manufacturer and exporters of Garnet.