Striking a Balance: Mining and Nature

Justice Dalip Singh, judicial member, Central Bench, Bhopal of National Green Tribunal (NGT), said that major issues in the state are mining and forests, in a recent meeting at a seminar on ‘legal awareness of environment issues: role of courts and national green tribunal’ in Jaipur. “Minerals are found in forest areas. But, we have to protect the forest areas from getting affected due to mining. On the other hand, mining is also required as we need minerals. So, there should be a balance between the two,” Singh said.

Singh also emphasised that there is a need for research and development. “We have not invested so far in research. Not a single ministry has done any research on it.” he said.

However, as per reports and industry veterans, the resources for mining in India are not as limited as they seem. Reports suggest that India is not using its complete potential for mining, especially in the sector of beach minerals.

“I agree on the point that even more research and development is required to spot the appropriate areas for mining purposes. But it is also a fact that India is not short of resources and the mining industry can grow tremendously if government comes up with policies to favour efficient and nature-friendly mining practices.” said Vaikundarajan, MD & CEO of V. V. Minerals. V. V. Minerals is the largest sand mining company in India.


Mining Industry set to be revived, to boost growth in mineral output

According to a blueprint being prepared by the government for the mining industry, mineral production in India needs to grow by 15% every year, so that mining’s share in India’s economic output can increase by 1 percentage point in the next 2-3 years.

“For mining industry to grow, mining operations need to begin at hundreds of mines which are stalled due to delays by government in providing environmental clearances, approvals and execution of lease deeds”, reflects Vaikundarajan, Founder of VV Minerals.

The mining ministry plans to execute the lease deeds of about 70-80 mines for which approvals were granted before 12 January 2015, when the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act of 2015 came into operation. Additionally, about 100 mines are going be auctioned shortly.

The share of the mining and quarrying industry in gross value addition (GVA) in the economy is 2.4% at present. Minerals currently account for only 0.43% of GVA. Mining output increased by 9% in 2015-16 and 10.6% in the April-July period of 2016-17, according to official estimates.

Though there is uncertainty prevailing over a recovery in mineral prices. Despite this impressive growth in mineral production in Apr-July, growth by value contracted 7.2%.

“A recovery in mineral prices will depend on demand from user industries. But India is a consuming country, where volume of output holds more importance than value”, adds Vaikundarajan.


Villagers In South Goa Demand Construction Of Mining Bypass

Villagers in Sanguem and Quepem talukas in South Goa have been concerned by the resumption of iron ore transportation activities in the area. Their concern points out at the lack of a bypass road to carry out the transportation.

The villagers met with Chief Minister Laxmikant Parsekar with a request for mining bypass on war-footing. Furthermore, the villagers put forth the demand to stop transportation activities till the bypass was ready and functional.

“The mining bypass is to be completed in three phases, however, has been delayed for now. This results in the trucks taking the main road and causing several fatal accidents,” explains Vaikundarajan, founder of VV Minerals, largest sand beach mining company in India.

The villagers explained that the bypass must be completed in all 3 phases – Uguem to Guddemol, Guddemo to Curchorem and Pirla to Uguem – before resuming the iron ore transportation. In March, two women in the village met with a fatal accident adding to the villager’s agitation.

“Around 6000 trucks are operational in Sanguem, Quepem and Curchorem. The issue was raised with the Assembly Session. The body has agreed to construct the mining bypass as soon as possible,” informs Vaikundarajan.

VV Mineral, Vaikundarajan Soaring Heights in the Heavy Mineral Mining Industry of India

Vaikundarajan, VV MineralMr. S. Vaikundarajan is a humble businessman based in Tamil Nadu. He is the owner of a heavy mineral mining company located in Tisayanvilai. VV Mineral, India is the leading heavy mineral mining company. It has market share in more than 20 countries all over the world. With significant market share in Europe, US and Australia VV Mineral, Vaikundarajan has emerged to be the top global heavy mineral manufacturer and mining company.

Mr. S Vaikundarajan is an intellectually gifted man with industry foresight and vision. His aspirations have made V.V. Group succeed as a conglomerate. From a single mining company it has dynamically transformed into corporation with business in various sectors like Food and Agro, Chemicals and Pigments, Paints, Sugar, Cement and others.

Mr. Vaikundarajan has immense knowledge in the legal and statutory aspects of the company and hence is recognized for his liasoning skills.

VV Mineral, mining is currently managed by Mr. Vaikundarajan and his family members such as his son, Mr. V. Subramanian and brother Mr. S. Jegatheesan.

Physical Characteristics Of Zircon

ZirconZircons are considered to be the longest-lasting minerals on earth. They are hard, chemically resistant, and contain elements that can be dated, therefore are used in geology a lot. The oldest object found yet is a 4.2 billion year old zircon grain. Zircons are the bases of dating many rocks worldwide.

Zircon sand typically consists of about 65% of Zirconia, 32 % of silica, around 1.15% of aluminium, 0.27 % of Titania. It is a group of minerals that belong to the nesosilicates class. The chemical name is zirconium silicate. The natural color of zircon varies between colorless, yellow-golden, red, brown, blue, and green.

They are found on the surface of the sand. They form placer deposits on the beach, which can be mined in a process known as heavy mineral mining. One of the leading private heavy mineral mining companies in India is VV Mineral.

VV Minerals, India is a family grown business started by Mr. S Vaikundarajan, Chairman of VV Group of companies. They manufacture and export heavy minerals such as Zircon, Garnet, Rutile and Ilmenite.

Commercially, zircons are mined for the metal zirconium which is used for abrasive and insulating purposes. It is the source of zirconium oxide, one of the most refractory materials known.

What Do Grades Signify In Zircon

Zircon Zircon Sand is a natural mineral and is mined in the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu.  Zircon sand is widely used in industrial purposes. It can be found in its lunar rock  form in the deep sea. Due to the continuous wave action it is washed out on the sea shores or river beds. Over a period of years these minerals settle on the  surface of the beach in the form of placer minerals. After a series of separation  processes such as gravity separation or magnetic separation the zircon minerals  mixed in sand can be isolated and used in various industrial applications.

 Zirconium is available primarily in two common grades – 702 and 705.  Zirconium 702 is a commercially pure grade and has excellent corrosion  protection with resistance to stress-corrosion cracking and crevice corrosion.  This alloy is used for various types of chemical processing. Zirconium 705 is an  alloyed grade with the addition of Niobium. While still offering excellent corrosion resistance, Zircon 705 offers higher strength capability.

Zircon with higher purity is used for the ceramic industry whereas lower purity finds its way to refractory industry such as making glass.

One of the leaders in the heavy mineral mining industry is V.V. Mineral. We manufacture heavy minerals such as Garnet, Zircon, Ilmenite and Rutile. They indulge in mining activities of Rutile, Ilmenite and Garnet as well.

Illmemite and its Uses


Ilmenite is a heavy mineral that is found on the southern coastal region in India, mostly Tamil Nadu. In the year 2012, Tamil Nadu was the leading producer of ilmenite contributing 52% of production overall. It is mined from the beaches of Tamil Nadu. The sand is manually picked up from the shores and transported to the mining plants. From there it goes through various separation processes and the end result is pure ilmenite. This pure form of ilmenite is then exported to different companies.

Ilmenite has various industrial uses. It’s used in making pastel shades of paints. It’s mainly used for manufacturing of ferro-titanium and synthetic Rutile. It’s also used making white walled tyres, glazed papers, plastics, printed fabrics, flooring materials like linoleum, pharmaceuticals, soaps face powders and other cosmetic products. They are also used in toothpastes to increase their brightness.

In addition to that, they are also used in welding electrodes, for processing of graded steel, in manufacture of high quality photo grey sun glasses, in the field of aerospace and water purification.

Ilmenite mining is not just conducted to acquire ilmenite. In the mining process there are several other minerals that are acquired too. Like Rutile, Zircon and Garnet. Garnet mining has a lot of importance in India as well. In 2010, India was the chief exporter of Garnet all over the world. Rutile mining is basically conducted for the titanium needs. Zircon mining is on the top because Zircon Is the most abundant mineral found in the beach sands of Tamil Nadu.